The point of this exercise is that you will NEVER AGAIN need to cut a quilt patch template. Does that sound good to you? These techniques will help you figure out how to cut patches from strips and how many strips you need to cut to make your quilt.
I soon found after I started quilting that my best friend was a simple calculator, as long as it had the decimal place, which they all do, and a square root function, that was all I needed. In a future blog I will explain the square root part, but for today we will talk about using the calculator to help us figure out how much fabric we need to make a quilt from a block, whether it is a Four Patch, Five Patch or Nine Patch.
Since most of the blocks fit those categories, those are the ones we are going to tackle today. On another blog, we will talk about more complicated blocks, that do not fit into those three categories.
You should also be familiar with all those little marks on your ruler, surprising how many people only look at the inch and 1/2″ markings. I am sure that does not apply to you, right?
Rotary cutting rulers are marked in inches, at least in the U. S., with each inch divided into 1/8″ amounts. Occasionally, it is necessary to divide amounts that give you 1/16″, so I am giving you the compatible amount on the calculator. However, personally, if I can avoid dealing with 1/16″, I do my best to do so.
The marks on your ruler correspond to the numerals on the calculator:
|1/16″ is half of 1/8″||.0625|
|1/8″||.125||3/16″ is half way between 1/8″-1/4″||.1875|
|1/4″||.25||5/16″ is half way between 1/4″-3/8″||.3125|
|3/8″||.375||7/16″ is half way between 3/8″-1/2″||.4375|
|1/2″||.5||9/16″ is half way between 1/2″-5/8″||.5625|
|5/8″||.625||11/16″ is half way between 5/8″-3/4″||.6875|
|3/4″||.75||13/16″ is half way between 3/4″-7/8″||.8125|
|7/8″||.875||15/16″ is half way between 7/8″-1″||.9375|
On the calculator punch in 41÷ 3.5= 11.71429 or 11 3-1⁄2″ squares. Division isn’t exact just look at the whole number, in front of the decimal, which is the number of 3-1/2″ squares that you get from a 41″ strip.
On the calculator punch in 150÷11=13.63636 which means more than 13. Since the first number after the decimal is 6, that means it is more than half a strip. Cut 14 strips.
On the calculator, round up. If the number of strips is exact, or just a fraction, showing .1 or .2, you can usually cut 1 or 2 squares from a scrap and do not need to cut a whole strip. Although sometimes you can use that strip for another type of patch you need to cut.
To calculate for Half Square Triangles, punch in 41÷3.875=10.58065 or 10 squares x 2=20 HST
For Quarter Square Triangles, punch in 41÷4.25=9.647059 or 9 squares x 4=36 QST
A 9 patch is divisible by 3. (9″÷3 =3″ or 6″÷3=2″ or 7-1⁄2″÷3=2-1⁄2″)
A 4 patch is divisible by 2. (12″÷2=6″ or 6″÷2=3″ or 7-1⁄2″÷2 =3-3⁄4″)
A 5 patch is divisible by 5. (10÷5=2″ or 8-3⁄4″÷5=1-3⁄4″ or 7-1⁄2″÷5=1-1⁄2″)
For example: 9″÷3=3 and 9″÷2=4-1⁄2″ or 11÷2=5-1⁄2″, but 11÷3=3-2⁄3″, obviously not a choice.
These are just some ways to use math for rotary cutting strips into squares and rectangles. One of these days I will tell you all about how to use the square root function on your calculator.